Pin Me

Career Information for a Mathematician

written by: ciel s cantoria•edited by: Linda Richter•updated: 12/23/2010

State education boards are implementing measures to strengthen scientific, technological, engineering & mathematical (STEM) education in K-12 as they aim to produce globally competitive American mathematicians. Career information shows that opportunities abound for those who are highly competent.

  • slide 1 of 19

    Emphasizing the Importance of Mathematics

    500px-PlusMinus.svg To enlighten a college undergraduate who aspires to become a mathematician, career information gives focus on the kind of mathematical discipline to acquire in relation to a desired field of specialization. Many are unaware that all technological advancements that take place in almost every industry are conceptualized and developed through the use of mathematical principles and calculations.

    Everything that has been achieved today has all been derived from mathematical abstractions. Studies of artifacts provide evidence dating as far back as 30,000 B.C., that even the earliest civilizations made use of patterns and counting units. The ancient Egyptians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, and Chinese civilizations created and developed the different systems and procedures currently used for algorithms in today's age of computerization.

    Payroll, acreages, taxes, census, logistics, costing, profits, accounting, astronomy, military units, music, medicine, engineering, designing--in fact, every system under the sun involves mathematical applications. However, high-tech advancements have come to a point where it becomes obvious that the latest breeds of American graduates are unable to deliver the same degree of competency provided by foreign mathematicians.

    Actually, this started to become evident at the turn of the 21st century, when business industries demanded the strengthening of computerized systems in response to the scare created by the Y2K predictions. As a result, it also gave birth to the outsourcing of foreign skills for various industries.

  • slide 2 of 19

    The Need for Aspiring Mathematicians to Excel

    National Park Service 9-11 Statue of Liberty and WTC fire 

    In today’s technologically complex environment, mathematicians are needed in order to innovate through the use of algorithms. Thus, career counselors have found it necessary to provide career information for America’s aspiring mathematicians, since competition is stiff not among fellow American job prospectors but among foreign counterparts.

    Most of the top American companies are hiring foreign nationals to fill key positions, as exemplified by California’s Silicon Valley. In fact, the Hoover Institution of Stanford University summarized its statistical findings by stating that 30 percent of employees based in the US are not US citizens.

    The university’s publication is entitled “Give Me Your Skilled, Your Trained," as it sardonically refers to the iconic passage in Emma Lazarus’ New Colossus sonnet “Give me your tired, your poor…" Ironically, it’s America’s original invitation to foreigners to join in the country’s quest for industrial growth and development.

    The following sections therefore will provide overviews about specific types of mathematical disciplines on which to concentrate for different mathematician careers. Information will give emphasis that the tasks involved are not only for the application of math as computational tools, but also for the conceptualization of simulation models and determination of patterns used for logical analysis and problem solving.

  • slide 3 of 19

    Career Information for Graduates of BS Engineering Degrees with Major Concentrations in Math

    800px-TTUcivilengineering 

    There are two classes of mathematicians by which this career information is categorized, theoretical and applied. Careers for theoretical mathematicians are centered mostly on academic and research work. Graduates with a BS degree in pure mathematical sciences find entry level positions in academic settings as researchers and analysts. Taking up Master’s and PhD degrees in advanced mathematical studies will open their career advancement avenues to become heads of research teams, while at the same time performing in professorial positions.

    Applied mathematicians find work outside of the academic field, and are expected to have solid foundations in math and its applications. However, most employers in the non-academic or business sectors prefer BS Engineering graduates with dual majors for math and another related discipline like computer science, statistics, business, finance, and materials engineering for entry-level positions.

    Find on the next page more on mathematician career information, including a comparison of career outlooks for theoretical vs. applied mathematicians.

  • slide 4 of 19
    This page contains mathematician career information for those seeking work as scientific researchers, logistics engineers, business analysts, software engineers and systems engineers. Learn the wide range of job opportunities, their average annual salaries, and the top hirers for mathematicians performing work in engineering jobs. Their work in non-academic environments is considered vital and contributes significantly to global technology.
  • slide 5 of 19

    Comparison of Career Outlooks Between Theoretical vs. Applied Mathematicians

    Financial Logistics systems 

    Comparisons between these two types of mathematical learning show that while theoretical mathematicians are still spending time in the academy in pursuit of a master’s or doctorate degree, those who have completed bachelor’s degrees with dual majors in applied math and a related field have already found work as semi-skilled mathematicians in the non-academic or business sector.

    Accordingly, after five years of graduate studies in PhD, the theoretical mathematicians’ career prospects are for post-doctoral appointments and tenures in the academic world.

    In the same length of time, the applied mathematicians who excelled in entry-level positions would have advanced as project managers and are already undergoing succession planning programs as future managers.

    As candidates for future key managerial and executive positions in the company, it denotes that the applied mathematicians’ proficiency and contributions in analyzing, conceptualizing, and problem-solving abilities have been taken into account. The company’s management and career-training programs will address the additional qualifications they need as they proceed in every level of advancement.

    In view of this information, bachelor in science undergraduates who intend to major in math will have to work closely with their department counselors in determining their math subjects. There should be a clear communication about their career plans as future mathematicians. Taking up advanced math subjects is an essential consideration to enhance their qualifications. In addition, they should have awareness that several math disciplines are present in both theoretical and applied mathematics.

  • slide 6 of 19

    Top Ten Jobs for Mathematicians - Career Information for the Non-Academic or Business Sector

  • slide 7 of 19

    1. Scientific Researchers

    618px-Pythagorean triple scatterplot2 

    Business Industries:

    (1) Research and Development in Biotechnology (2) Software Development (3) Pharmaceuticals

    Average Annual Salary Including Bonuses and Profit Shares: $39,730 to $85,902

    Top Employers:

    (1) Procter & Gamble (2) Microsoft (3) Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    US Cities Where This Job is Popular

    (1) New York, NY (2) Boston, MA (3) Cincinnati, OH (4) Houston, TX (5) San Jose, CA (6) Philadelphia, PA and (7) Chicago, IL.

  • slide 8 of 19

    2. Logistics Engineer

    ISS impact risk 

    Business Industries:

    (1) Aerospace and Defense (2) Logistic Services (3) Government Contractors (4) Shipping/Warehousing/Transportation, Distribution Logistics (5) Engineering Consulting

    Average Annual Salary Including Bonuses and Profit Shares: $56,073 to $81,476

    Top Employers:

    (1) Northrop Grumman (2) Lockheed Martin Corp (3) General Dynamic Land Systems (4) Boeing Company (5) Raytheon Technical Services Company

    US Cities Where This Job is Popular

    (1) St. Louis, MO (2) San Diego, CA (3) Huntsville, AL (4) Baltimore, MD (5) Orlando, FLA

  • slide 9 of 19

    3. Business Analyst – IT

    450px-TI-BA-II-Plus-9978 

    Business Industries:

    (1) Information Technology Services (2) Insurance (3) Financial Services (4) IT Consulting (5) Healthcare Providers

    Average Annual Salary Including Bonuses and Profit Shares: $51,823 to $80,358

    Top Employers:

    (1) Accenture (2) J.P. Morgan Chase & Co (3) Computer Science Corp. (4) Electronic Data systems, Inc. (5) Hewlett Packard

    US Cities Where This Job is Popular

    (1) New York, NY (2) Chicago, IL (3) Minneapolis, MN (4) Washington, DC (5) Houston, TX and (7) Atlanta, GA

  • slide 10 of 19

    4. Software Engineer/Developer/Programmer Jobs

    Carl Martin 

    Business Industries:

    (1) Software Development (2) Software Application (3) Aerospace and Defense (4) Financial Services (5) Computer Hardware/Software Manufacturer

    Average Annual Salary Including Bonuses and Profit Shares: $52,307 to $79,929

    Top Employers:

    (1) IBM (2) Microsoft (3) Lockheed Martin (4) Northrop Grumman (5) Cisco Systems

    US Cities Where This Job is Popular

    (1) New York, NY (2) Chicago, IL (3) San Francisco, CA (4) Seattle, WA (5) Austin, TX (6) Los Angeles, CA and (7) San Jose, CA

  • slide 11 of 19

    5. Systems Engineers - Computer/ Networking and IT

    Matt Inaki, computer network defender coach-trainer of SPAWAR Systems Center San Diego, shows how to monitor the activity of a network to Air Force Staff Sgt. Daryl Graham and Information Systems Tech 

      Business Industries:

      (1) Information Technology Services (2) IT Consultancy (3) Government Contractors (4) Aerospace and Defense (5) Financial Services

      Average Annual Salary Including Bonuses and Profit Shares: $49,753 to $79,250

      Top Employers:

      (1) Lockheed Martin (2) Cisco Systems,(3)Northrop Grumman (4) Raytheon Co (5) Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC)

      US Cities Where This Job is Popular

      (1) New York, NY (2) San Diego, CA (3) Chicago Illinois (4) Atlanta, GA (5) Washington DC (6) Houston, TX and (7) Dallas, TX

      Please continue on page 3 for more on mathematician career information

    1. slide 12 of 19
      This page contains mathematician career information for those who will find work as network engineers, environmental engineers, mechanical design engineers, actuarial analysts and civil engineer - training jobs. These are entry levels jobs found at non-academic sectors where the work of engineers is being harnessed through their mathematical abilities. Find out about their average annual salaries, the top hirers, and industries as well as the US cities where the jobs are highly popular.
    2. slide 13 of 19

      Continuation of Top Ten Jobs for Mathematicians- Career Information for Non-Academic or Business Sector

    3. slide 14 of 19

      6. Network Engineers

      800px-WM2007 Preparation FinalDay Network Constructing-2 

      Business Industries:

      (1) Information Technology Services (2) Network & Communications Services (3) Internet Service Provider (4) Telecommunications and ( 5) IT Consulting

      Average Annual Salary Including Bonuses and Profit Shares: $49,621 to $75,844

      Top Employers:

      (1) Computer Science Corporation (2) Cisco Systems Inc. (3) Verizons Communication, Inc (4) Science Applications International, Corp. and (5) AT & T, Inc.

      US Cities Where This Job is Popular

      (1) Denver, CO (2) Houston, TX (3) New York, NY (4) Chicago, IL (5) Dallas, TX (6) Philadelphia, PA and (7) Atlanta, GA

    4. slide 15 of 19

      7. Environmental Engineer Jobs

      800px-FEMA - 36989 - Army Corps of Engineers survey a road in Iowa 

      Business Industries:

      (1) Environmental Consulting (2) Engineering Consulting (3) Government (4) Energy/Utility Providers

      Average Annual Salary Including Bonuses and Profit Shares: $50,055 to $74,071

      Top Employers:

      (1) Arcadis, US (2) URS Corp. (3) CH2M Hill (4) Environmental Resource Management, Inc. (5) Aecom Corporation

      US Cities Where This Job is Popular

      (1) Denver, CO (2) Houston, TX (3) New York, NY (4) Chicago, IL (5) Dallas, TX (6) Philadelphia, PA and (7) Atlanta, GA

    5. slide 16 of 19

      8. Mechanical Design Engineers

      462px-Greysteeringengine 

        Business Industries:

        (1) Engineering Consulting Firms, (2) Aerospace & Defense, (3) Aerospace Manufacturing, (4) Manufacturing and Distribution, (5) Heavy Equipment Manufacturing

        Average Annual Salary Including Bonuses and Profit Shares: $52,337 to $70,682

        Top Employers:

        (1) General Electric Co. (2) Boeing Company, (3) General Electric – Energy (4) General Electric - Aviation and (5) Northrop Grumman

        US Cities Where This Job is Popular

        (1) Houston, TX, (2) San Diego, CA (3) Chicago, IL (4) Los Angeles, CA (5) Cincinnati, OH (6) Portland, OR, and (7) Boston, MA

      1. slide 17 of 19

        9. Entry Level Actuarial Analyst Jobs

        424px-The Risk Management Process 

        Business Industries:

        (1) Insurance Companies (2) Health Insurance (3) Consultancy Firms (4) Human resources Consulting Services (5) Business Consulting

        Average Annual Salary Including Bonuses and Profit Shares: $44,191 to $58,840

        Top Employers:

        (1) Towers Perrin (2) Watson Wyatt Worldwide (3) Mercer (4) American International Group (AIG) (5) Hewitt Associates, Inc

        US Cities Where This Job is Popular

        (1) Chicago, IL (2) New York, NY (3) Louisville, KY (4) Boston, MA (5) Atlanta, GA (6) San Francisco, CA and (7) Cleveland, OH

      2. slide 18 of 19

        10. Civil Engineers in Training Jobs

        600px-House construction options 

        Business Industries:

        (1) Engineering Consulting (2) Construction Projects (3) Transport Industry (4) Architectural and Engineering Services

        Average Annual Salary Including Bonuses and Profit Shares: $44,626 to $56,935

        Top Employers:

        (1) URS Corp. (2) US Army Corps of Engineers (3) Jacobs Engineering Groups (4) Black and Veatch (5) Kimley-Horn & Associates

        US Cities Where This Job is Popular

        (1) Houston, TX (2) Chicago, IL (3) Dallas, TX (4) Seattle, WA (5) Denver, CO (6) Boston, MA and (7) Austin, TX

        Note: All of the top ten jobs for mathematicians in this career information review require computer applications to which mathematical proficiencies are the key elements for success.

      3. slide 19 of 19

        Reference Materials and Image Credits:

        References:

        • Careers in Mathematics --http://math.ucalgary.ca/undergrads/student-employment-opportunities/careers-mathematics
        • Mathematics The Nation's Report Card .gov Results of National Assessment of Educational Programs-- http://nationsreportcard.gov/math_2009/
        • Hoover Digest: Give me your trained, your skilled..http://www.hoover.org/publications/hoover-digest/article/8086
        • Guide to your career By Alan B. Bernstein --&ved=0CFoQ6AEwBzgK#v=onepage&q&f=false
          rt2u-ZfCcIuZVqjfsE&hl=en&ei=ZRENTZXlAsnXcdmTmdcK&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8
          eer+opportunities+for+theoretical+mathematicians&source=bl&ots=NFxJLdrGgG&sig=KWa6TTing
          http://books.google.com.ph/books?id=AHsqIFnnn1YC&pg=PA138&lpg=PA138&dq=what+are+the+car

        Image Credits: