Parts Unique to Special Letters
Ever look for a typeface that had a perfect capital "Q"? There are a few parts that take care of those special letters, whose appearance can make a design. Choosing a typeface that showcases the letters in your business name, headline or book title is very important in drawing attention to your message. Here are a few parts to consider in choosing a typeface when special letters appear.
Tails - Short diagonal strokes
Tails appear in the descender of capital Q, the tail of a capital R and sometimes in capital X or Z. As they don't appear in many frequently used letters, tails are not usually considered in typeface selection. However, if a tailed-character appears in a main word you will want to choose a typeface with outstanding tails.
Ears - A small stroke projecting from the top of lower case "g."
"Walls" do not have typographic ears, but "hearing", "gorilla" and "gangs" do. Again, ears may not be a design concern unless a primary word or headline contains an offending set.
Beaks - Sharp spurs found on some serif fonts (T, E, L)
Letters with exaggerated spear-like serifs have beaks. They can be large or small, but are very pointed and project from a main stroke.