Dorothea Lange (1895-1965
Dorothea Lange was most famous for her works during the Great Depression and later during World War II. She humanized the struggles of the poor, the homeless, farmers and sharecroppers, migrant workers, and those forced to relocate during times of strife. She worked for the Resettlement Act (RA), the Farm Security Administration (FSA), and the War Relocation Authority (WRA). Due to the controversial ad emotional images she depicted in her photographs, many of her works were impounded at the time. They are now available in the National Archives, The Bancroft Library of the University of California, Berkeley, and the Art Institute of Chicago. She was also introduced into the California Hall of Fame in the California Museum of History, Women, and the Arts in 2008.
Dorothea Lange was not gifted with an easy life. She was born in new Jersey in 1895 and at the young age of 7, she developed polio. When asked later on about her disability, she replied, "It formed me, guided me, instructed me, helped me and humiliated me. I've never gotten over it, and I am aware of the force and power of it." She was educated and apprenticed in New York City, New York, and she moved to San Francisco in 1918. She lived the rest of her life in Berkeley. She was married twice, once to Maynard Dixon, from 1920 until 1935, and once to Paul Schuster Taylor, from 1935 until the end of her life. She passed away in 1965, at the age of 70, due to gastric problems and residual polio effects.