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Guide to the Nobel Prize and Prize Recipients

1995 - German Stamp featuring Swedish chemist Alfred NobelSwedish chemist Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) became quite wealthy through his more than 300 inventions, including especially that of dynamite in 1866. In his Last Will and Testament, Nobel bequeathed prizes to be awarded on an annual basis to individuals most benefiting mankind by their accomplishments in physics, chemistry, peace, medicine, and literature. From this arose the Nobel Foundation. Prizes were first awarded in 1901. In 1968, “economic sciences” was added to the topics selected to win prizes.

Nobel Prizes not only recognize important contributions to society but also include a medal, a diploma, and a cash award that depends upon the income of the Nobel Foundation for the year. In 2009, the awards were more than one million dollars. The prize cannot be awarded posthumously, but only to living recipients. Knowledgeable Bright Hub contributors have published educational pieces related to the Nobel Prize and its recipients.

Latest Articles on Nobel Prize
How to Fail Your Way to Success

Nobody wants to fail, but when handled with the proper approach, your failures can actually be precursors to success....

Fun Facts About Albert Einstein and His Contributions to Math and Physics

Albert Einstein was a genius theoretical physicist. He is best known for his mass-energy equivalence, theory of relativity, Brownian motion and photoelectric effect. He was honored...

George Palade: The Cell Biologist Who Discovered Ribosomes

George Palade has been described as the founder of cell biology. He did ground-breaking research in the structure of the cell and its functioning....

Understanding Human Genetic Disorders: The Use of Fluorescent Markers

The 2008 Nobel Prize for Chemistry was awarded to two American scientists and a Japanese researcher for their work on exploiting the genetic mechanism responsible for luminosity in...

Most Popular Articles on Nobel Prize
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    Fun Facts About Albert Einstein and His Contributions to Math and Physics

    Albert Einstein was a genius theoretical physicist. He is best known for his mass-energy equivalence, theory of relativity, Brownian motion and photoelectric effect. He was honored with the Nobel Prize...

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    The Top Ten Most Important Scientists in Genetics

    You may agree, or disagree with my selection of famous scientists; personal lists are always arbitrary affairs, but here goes with my list of candidates for the top ten most import scientists in genetics...

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    Linus Pauling and the Discovery of DNA

    Linus Pauling (1901-1994) was one of the most brilliant scientists of the 20th century. He worked out the structure of proteins and was involved in the race to discover the structure of DNA. That...

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    Scientific Heroes: Maurice Wilkins

    In 1962, Crick and Watson were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for, discovering the structure of DNA. The third recipient was Maurice Wilkins, who was recognized for his valuable contribution...

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    Towering Figures in the History of Genetics

    Crick and Watson may well be the names that trip off the tongue when most people are asked to identify pioneering geneticists. But behind these two scientific giants is a crowd of equally brilliant researchers...

More About Nobel Prize
Profile of Barbara McClintock

Barbara McClintock (1902-1992), who focused on maize genetics, studied the transposition of genes on chromosomes during breeding. McClintock won awards throughout her career...

Famous Scientists in Genetics - Edward Tatum

Edward Tatum shared the 1958 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with George Beadle and Joshua Lederberg. Tatum and Beadle had worked together to discover the relationship between...