The term “nitrogenous bases” refers to certain organic chemical bases—those that contain the element nitrogen and are involved in life processes. Closely associated with phosphate groups and sugars, nitrogenous bases are an integral part of the structures of DNA and RNA. When complete, nitrogenous bases provide the coding or heredity of the life and identity of the individual. When fragmented into nucleotides or the less complex nucleosides, nitrogenous bases are important in the manufacture of amino acids, leading to the formation of special proteins. Articles written by informed Bright Hub contributors highlight the chemistry and physiology of nitrogenous bases and their associated complexes.
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