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Guide to the Characteristics and Functions of Messenger RNA

Transcription and mRNA - Based on NIHRNA bears resemblance to DNA, yet its functionality and purpose are considerably different. Although both are nucleic acids, RNA, found in several locations within the cell, does not usually exist in double helix form, as DNA does. RNA is formed during the process called “transcription” of DNA, during which the double helix is partly unraveled into two separate strands. One of these strands is the source of a particular variety of RNA called messenger or mRNA. Messenger RNA then carries with it the coding needed, through the cellular cytoplasm, to organelles called ribosomes where the information is employed in the manufacture of important proteins. Learn the details and gain insight through articles written by your Bright Hub contributors.

Latest Articles on Messenger Rna
The Discovery of Messenger RNA

Messenger RNA plays a key role in protein synthesis. This article looks at how the molecule was inadvertently discovered by Elliot Volkin and Lazarus Astrachan, who didn't realize...

Protein Synthesis: How Are Proteins Built?

Proteins are the building blocks of the cell. They perform many critical functions that are needed for survival. Their manufacture starts in the nucleus when they are molecules of DNA...

What Does RNA Stand For?

RNA stands for ribonucleic acid, and it's very similar to DNA. It can be found in several locations inside cells and plays an integral role in the formation of proteins....

How RNA is Formed From DNA

The genetic code is written in the language of DNA, but is not translated directly into proteins. It goes through a process of conversion into an intermediate stage where it exists...

Most Popular Articles on Messenger Rna
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    Ribonucleic Acid: Where is it Found in the Human Body?

    RNA is primarily a linear nucleic acid polymer. Unlike DNA, it is not a double helix. The most common locations are in the cell nucleus, mitochondria and ribosomes....

  •  
    What Does RNA Stand For?

    RNA stands for ribonucleic acid, and it's very similar to DNA. It can be found in several locations inside cells and plays an integral role in the formation of proteins....

  •  
    How RNA is Formed From DNA

    The genetic code is written in the language of DNA, but is not translated directly into proteins. It goes through a process of conversion into an intermediate stage where it exists as RNA. This RNA is...

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    DNA frameshift mutations and their effect on gene expression

    There are several classes of DNA mutations. Insertions and deletions are a type of mutation that changes the reading frame of a gene. This article discusses how they are introduced and how they can change...

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    Fun Genetics Quiz : How Much Do You Know?

    Since Crick and Watson's discovery the world has gone DNA crazy. Have you kept up with developments, with the science of the times? Or do you know more about your jeans than your genes?...

More About Messenger Rna
Ribonucleic Acid: Where is it Found in the Human Body?

RNA is primarily a linear nucleic acid polymer. Unlike DNA, it is not a double helix. The most common locations are in the cell nucleus, mitochondria and ribosomes....

Marshall Warren Nirenberg - Genetics Scientist

The U.S. biochemist and geneticist Marshall Warren Nirenberg is famous for his pioneering work on the genetic code. This work, for which he won the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology...