Facts about Typhoons
It is said that most tropical cyclones that form in the Pacific Oceans’ equatorial region annually develop into the most powerful typhoons in the entire globe. Eighteen out of twenty-five fully developed typhoons take the Western North Pacific route, and only a few tend to be migratory and visit the Northern Hemisphere as hurricanes. The countries most often visited by almost all typhoons spawned annually in the Pacific are the Philippine, China and Japan, from April to December. It is during the months of July up to October, when the greatest number of typhoons that usually carry winds of about 130 knots and are an estimated 600 miles in diameter, visit the countries located in the North West Pacific regions, particularly the Philippines.
In fact, the tropical cyclone may enter the Pacific areas of these countries and bring on torrential rains and flooding even at a tropical depression stage. While in the North Western Pacific Ocean, it may meet with more winds and will pick-up speed to sustain and develop low pressure depressions into full-blown typhoons as they enter the country. In some instances, a tropical cyclone will combine with another tropical depression and then form what is known in the Philippines as a Super Typhoon
A country’s topography can also affect the amount of rain that a typhoon will release in an area, particularly if the typhoon’s path will move against mountain ranges. The low lying areas of the countryside surrounding the mountain ranges will receive considerable amounts of rainfall that can flood flat terrains for days, weeks and even months.
In recent years the modernization in some of the typhoon-prone countries of this region has caused severe flooding to take place even in the urban areas. Most of the trees in the mountainous outskirts have been cut down to make way for residential subdivisions, while the rock boulders have been quarried to provide for construction materials. Hence, the occurrences of landslides and mudslides have added to the problems brought about by these typhoons.