The Need to Protect Endangered Species
Endangered species therefore have to be protected principally in order to maintain biodiversity. The term biodiversity refers to the different species in an area/region, their roles in the area, and the amount of genetic variation in the population (American Society of Mammalogists, p. 3). All living organisms play an essential role in contributing to the environment that man is currently living in. It is said that if there is greater biodiversity, then the environment is highly likely to be a good one as it promotes the growth and proliferation of many species. Conversely, if there is greater extinction, this connotes a poor or flawed natural setting. Again, this depicts the inextricable link that exists between living organisms and the environment.
Biodiversity is essential for man’s continued existence on earth. Man is extremely dependent on plants, animals and aquatic resources for his subsistence; on the environment for his clothing and shelter; and on other natural resources for his other day-to-day activities. Plants and animals provide food and other valuable services to man like cleaning the air and providing control for crop pests among other things (Bailey). Drugs and medicines are also extracted from naturally-occurring substances in nature. Most of the time, man behaves arrogantly, as if he can manage to control the world on his own, but in fact he can’t – not without the help of nature and the organisms in it. If man will allow the endangered species to become extinct, this will cause a domino-effect on the other species, which will also progressively result to the extinction of man in the near future.
The endangered species also have to be preserved so that the beauty of nature can be maintained. Some of the endangered species like tigers, elephants and bald-headed eagles may be wild animals, but still they are pleasant to look at despite their feral tendencies. They also are an essential part of the forest’s balanced, natural ecosystem, and thus, should be allowed to perform their respective roles.