Temperate Rainforest Plants
The most common trees include the sitka spruce, western hemlock, bigleaf maple, red alder, Douglas fir, western red cedar, vine maple, black cottonwood.
The bigleaf maple can grow as high as 36 meters. The leaves can grow as large as 30 centimeters across. The top part is dark green and the bottom half is paler, turning yellow in the fall. This tree is often found in moist soil near water and is often grouped with red alder, Douglas fir, western hemlock, black cottonwood, and western red cedar trees.
The common shrubs include the huckleberry and the salmonberry.
Salmonberry is a fruit, shaped like a raspberry. They come in a variety of colors ranging from deep orange to pale yellow. This fruit shrub is distributed along the Pacific Northwest. Salmonberries are edible and often enjoyed by hikers.
The common epiphytes include the licorice fern, cat-tail moss, Oregon selaginella, and the lungwort.
The lungwort is a perennial that can reach 30 centimeters in height. The leaves are green and it has flowers that are pink-purple in color. This plant is native to western Asia and Europe.
The common understory plants include the Oregon oxalis, lady fern, sword fern, and stair-step moss.
The Oregon oxalis is a perennial that grows low to the ground, often carpeting temperate rainforests. Its leaves resemble a shamrock and the flowers, which grow from April through September, have five petals, are small, are white to pink color, and tend to have reddish veins.
All of these plants are found in all of the temperate rainforests throughout the world.