Oceans take up a large portion of the earth's surface, and were once seen as all-encompassing, limitless reservoirs, quite able to bear the brunt of unmitigated human activities and waste. This, however, is not true, as is becoming increasing apparent. Unless we find a viable solution for ocean pollution, we face the increasingly real scenarios of contaminated waters, devastated tracts of coral reefs, reduced marine populations and ill or mutant marine organisms.
High levels of pollutants are already being observed in the marine food chain, and this is matter of utmost concern, not just from the environmental point of view, but also from the effects of this on human health and well-being. Seafood is not just directly consumed by humans, but is also turned into feed for animal consumption, these animals or their products then finding their way onto the human food platter. If the seafood is contaminated to start with, the contamination is passed on to the human and animal consumers, leading to increased risks of poisoning, illnesses, behavioral problems and physical mutations.
It is obvious that urgent steps need to be taken to counter ocean pollution, to clean up the existing pollution and prevent future incidents.