The Importance of Forest Biodiversity for Plant Transpiration
Thick forest vegetation has enough canopies to shield the forest ecosystem, and provide the moist air brought about by the plant transpiration going on above the forest canopies. This natural set-up prevents the plant vegetations on the forest floor from drying up. The system likewise continues to provide sustenance for the natural forest dwellers to survive a rainless season.
However, forests that receive heavy rainfall can also affect forest biodiversity. Air is constantly humid, as it contains a lot of water vapor. In such condition and with less sunlight, transpiration will not be promoted. After experiencing a season of heavy rainfall, some tree species tend to shed off their leaves at the beginning of the dry season and will take some time before the canopy system will be replenished with new foliage. Nevertheless, the living organisms in these kinds of forests have their way of adapting to a natural system by burrowing in grounds or tree trunks. The rainforest leaves, however, do not have the quality of being “evergreen".
The Effects of Global Warming in Forest Diversity
It is unfortunate that the current state of global warming has contributed extensively in climate changes. Human activities have resulted to some major deforestations that brought about soil degradation. The Atlantic Forest in Brazil, is one example where rainforest used to cover more than a million square meters of rainforest; to date it has been reduced to only 5% of what it used to be. Denuded forests are no longer protected from the intense heat of the sunlight and against rising temperatures.
These environmental factors affect plant transpiration despite the contributions of the physical and chemical properties of water. In understanding all of these processes, we are now more aware why a whole plant vegetation can be destroyed or why a whole forest can die or why certain animal species are endangered or on the verge of extinction.