The Deciduous Forest Provides Habitats for Many Different Animal Species
All aspects of the vegetation of the deciduous forest, from the top-most canopy to the forest floor, contribute food and shelter for its animal inhabitants. Foliage, bark, sap, flowers, seeds and nuts provide nutrition for a host of insects, birds and mammals.
Caterpillars, beetles, flies and other insects abound, feeding on the vegetation. These insects are a critical component of the diet of many species of birds and other insectivores. Bats are insectivores that thrive in the deciduous forest habitat. Migratory insect-eating songbirds flock to the deciduous forest in the spring to breed. Some species of migratory songbirds include vireos, wood warblers, thrush and grosbeaks.
There are also some species of birds that do not migrate, but make their home in the forest year-round, such as chickadees, nuthatches, blue jays and woodpeckers. The deciduous forest provides habitat and food resources for large birds that dwell on the ground such as turkeys and grouse, as well as several species of owls including screech owls, barred owls, and great horned owls.