Producers of the Forest Ecology
Producers are the factors of an ecosystem that are able to make their own food through photosynthesis. Producers are mainly plants, although some bacteria and algae are also capable of photosynthesis. A healthy forest is composed of a wide variety of vegetation.
Coniferous forests are primarily populated with evergreens such as pine, fir, spruce and larch, and also may have low-growing bushes, herbaceous flowering plants, grasses, and mosses. In areas of a coniferous forest that have been disturbed, some species of broad-leaved trees such as birch, aspen or poplar may also be found.
Temperate deciduous forests have a mixture of different types of trees, including oak, beech, aspen, hickory, birch and maple. Other types of plants in a deciduous forest include shrubs, woody vines such as poison oak or ivy, flowering plants, ferns, and moss.