The Philippine Eagle
The Philippine eagle, Pithecophaga jeffereyi, is the national bird of the Philippines. It is called by different names: Haribon (king of birds), monkey-eating eagle, and banog (a local name). It is only found (endemic) in four Philippine islands, namely, Samar, Leyte, Luzon, and Mindanao. It is among the rarest and critically endangered species of raptors in the world.
Appearance & Characteristics
It holds the title as the world’s largest eagle in terms of length. An adult female Philippine eagle has 3.36 ft average length while the shorter male adult has 3 ft average length. Although their wings are shorter compared to Steller’s Sea eagle, Wedge-tailed eagle, and Martial eagle, they are broader and have the largest surface area necessary for powerful flights. Average weight for the female is 7 kg while for the female is 5 kg.
Other characteristics of the Philippine eagle include a dark face, creamy-brown crown and nape, brown back, white under wings and underside, yellow heavy legs, powerful dark claws, blue-gray eyes, and bluish-gray deep beak. The bird can live 40 to 60 years in the wild. There is this belief saying that the Philippine eagle has a shorter life span in the wild than in captivity.