The actions of deforestation have
devastating consequences on the land, environment and humanity as a whole. The
removal of forest area is having a very significant impact on our environment
and global warming, and the longer the problem continues, the worse the effects
will become. Other factors are also significantly impacted by deforestation
including lack of habitat for wildlife and economic implications that have came
about due to the lack of forest areas and resources available.
In addition to the environmental factors of
deforestation, there are also some serious economic consequences that we are feeling
globally. A lot of areas of the world rely on the resources of the rain forests
for timber and wood for fuel. Some countries heavily utilize the woods of
building houses, heating and cooking and even pulp for paper. By converting
rich forest areas into agriculture, or by the overuse of products made by wood,
this can create a significant long-term loss in terms of income and
productivity. Illegal uses and methods of logging in the forest regions have
also contributed to billions of dollars of damages to economies globally.
When it comes to defining deforestation
today, the term ‘slash and burn’ is used often to describe the rapid
destruction of forest area by ridding the forests of its rich soil and trees.
Instead of being able to productively use the land after the removal of the
trees, some companies are finding that through their attempts to rid the
unwanted trees from the forest, they are left with inadequate soil for
agriculture. This is because the nutrients found in the rich forest soil were
destroyed during the burning process. This can render acres upon acres of land destroyed and ruined without any gain.
The biggest causes of deforestation today
are mainly by humans, including livestock grazing, mining, digging for
oil, agricultural uses and the expansion of urban areas. The growing demands
for wood products for building, paper making and furniture are
continuing to be a big factor in the deforestation process. Additionally, the
clearing of forest areas to allow for commercial or industrial building, have
also impacted the problems of deforestation. Local populations are expanding
and are spreading out into what once was beautiful, rich forest.
Environmental impacts are probably the most
wide felt problems associated with deforestation. The negative implications
that are created by deforestation are causing an increase in global warming and greenhouse effect. Another consequence is the removal of protection of many types of
wildlife that find habitation in rain forests. Not only are these major
concerns for the environment, but the effects are just beginning to unfold, and
the longer that deforestation continues to go on, the more and more impacts we
will find it has on the environment.