Food and Agriculture Biotechnology - Improving the Crops and Products Produced
written by: Finn Orfano•edited by: Laurie Patsalides•updated: 6/30/2008
The food and agricultural applications of biotechnology are ever increasing and continue to yield positive results in the crops and products produced.
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In addition to the medicinal applications
of biotechnology, there is also a vast amount of uses for biotechnology in the
agricultural and farming industries. Using the methods of biotechnology, it is
possible to transfer one or two genes of a crop into a highly developing crop
to create a new product that would continue to increase the yield of the crop.
It is important to keep in mind that crop yield increases are some of
the most apparent uses of biotechnology as well as a very difficult one to
The current techniques of genetic
engineering actually work best and are more effective when controlled by a
single gene. Currently, many of the characteristics of the genes associated
with producing yields and increased growth are really controlled by a large
number of genes to which each of them has only a minimal effect of the overall
production of the crop yield. This indicates that there is still a lot of work
and a lot of improvements to be made in this application of biotechnology.
In addition, there are other benefits of
using biotechnology applications in agricultural and farming industries include
Reduced vulnerability of crops due to environmental stress Increased nutritional value and quality of the various food
crops affected by biotechnology applications Improved taste and overall appearance and texture of the crop
foods Reduced dependence on inorganic compounds such as fertilizers,
agrochemicals and pesticides
With all of these being very strong and
viable reasons to continue using biotechnology applications for agriculture, it
is worth the additional research and studies that need to be done to perfect
the science. Although some of the biotechnology applications used in the
agricultural industry are difficult to hone in on and use, the overall
potential of benefits are well worth the additional work and time.
The reduction of expensive and invasive
methods currently used by farmers are reason enough to pursue improving the
applications of biotechnology for agriculture. The crop yields and quality of
the crop yields can continue to improve while the dependency on the farmers for
needing to use chemicals and unsafe agents can continue to decrease. This makes
the use of biotechnology applications very impressive and stresses the
importance of being able to create crop yields that produce quantity and
quality foods and products on a consistent basis.