Location and Climate of Tropical Rainforests
Today, tropical rainforests cover only two to six percent of the earth or 2.41 million acres. Tropical rainforests wrap around the equator and lie between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer, 22.5° North and 22.5° South of the equator.
Tropical rainforests are found in Central and South America, Africa, Australia, and Asia.The largest tropical rainforests are in the Amazon Basin of South America, in Western African countries, as well as South Pacific countries such as Indonesia and the Philippines. Smaller rainforests are found throughout Central America, parts of Mexico and Hawaii, and other islands in the Pacific and Caribbean.
The climate of tropical rainforests is, in many ways, dictated by their location around the equator. Tropical rainforests are warm year round with temperatures from about 72-93F (22-34C) with high humidity. Temperatures fluctuate a little during the year, mainly due to cloud cover and humidity. The closer rainforests are to the equator the more rain it gets, anywhere from 80 to over 430 inches each year. When there's less rainfall, the constant cloud cover keeps the air moist and prevents plants from drying out.