1960 to 1999
In 1964, the War on Poverty began and the Food Stamp Act was put into law. This Act allowed qualifying families to receive benefits that would allow them to get food to feed their families.
In 1970, the Environmental Quality Improvement Act was put into law. This amended the National Environmental Policy Act.
During the 1980s, crop and livestock products were viably improved through biotechnology. During 1985, government farm supports were lowered, exports promoted, and the Conservation Reserve Program set up with the Food Security Act.
1990 saw the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act and the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act. Both of these increased the flexibility farmers have in planting under government programs.
In 1993, trade barriers were lowered with the North American Free Trade Agreement and the revised General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.
During 1996, farm programs were revised to increase how much they relied on market signals. This was done through the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act.
In 1998, the government implemented HACCP to reduce and target pathogen presence in poultry and meat.
In 1999, the demand for USDA farm programs was increased due to disastrous weather and commodity price drops throughout the United States. During this year, implementation of the Roadless Initiative occurred to secure fish and wildlife habitat, serve roadless tracts in National Forests, and protecting natural resources.