Converting Garbage to Fuel
Converting garbage to fuel is not a new idea. Many scientists in the past have made attempts at this, but by keeping the environment at stake. However, a new technique known as thermal conversion process (TME) performs the same function without affecting the environment. TME, similar to earth’s geothermal process, uses water, heat, and pressure to convert garbage and solid waste into oils, gases, and various other products. The thermal conversion process is not only environment friendly, but also produces several products which can be used for different purposes. Let's see how this is done.
The thermal conversion process consists of a series of stages wherein the organic and inorganic waste is converted into useful fuel. The first stage of the process consists of an apparatus wherein the garbage and solid waste is mixed with water to produce slurry. The slurry is heated under a specific temperature and pressure and then transferred to a cylindrical chamber where depolymerization, or the separation of organic and inorganic matter, takes place. After this, clever utilization of water splits the complex molecules into simpler units by the process of hydrolysis. Separated inorganic material is transferred to a separate storage chamber. Later on, the separation of gases, renewable diesel, water, and remaining solids takes place in a separate apparatus. The renewable diesel thus obtained is stored separately and later transported for use.
It is true that complete substitution of fossil fuels with such biofuels might take several years; however once done, it might provide a permanent solution to many environmental problems, including garbage disposition.