Positive Effects of Recycling on the Environment
Recycling saves energy. Using recycled material when making plastics and paper uses less energy than producing them from virgin, new materials.
Recycling reduces pollution.
Recycling reduces the amount of waste put into landfills. Landfills are potentially hazardous due to the concentration of non-biodegradable items that slowly leach toxic chemicals into the surrounding garbage in the landfill. In states with "bottle bills" (laws that require a five- or ten-cent deposit on bottled drinks) such as California and Michigan, it's estimated that the bottle bills have reduced the respective states' wastestream by five to eight percent alone.
Recycling saves money.
This is true both for manufacturers and consumers. For manufacturers, recycled source materials may be cheaper than virgin ones. Consumers save through passed-along savings and through sought-after recyclables that companies are willing to pay for, such as aluminum and copper. Better still, reusing objects saves money.
Recycling improves the soil.
Composting or simply mulching organic waste such as lawn clippings, leaves, and kitchen scraps keeps them out of a landfill, but the benefits are even greater. The carbon, nitrogen, and other nutrients inherent in organic waste enriches the soil, encouraging beneficial organisms and reducing the need for artificial fertilizers or other soil amendments.