You can grow a beautiful lawn without using chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and fungicides. The best part of being an organic gardener, is that all you need to do is feed the beneficial microbes and then let them do their work. Therefore, in order to start your new lawn care program, you must stop the use of all chemical lawn care products.
Begin by testing your soil’s pH. You are looking for a number that is between 6.5 and 7.0. There are many types of pH testers that are now easily available. If your soil is too acidic add lime, and if your soil is too alkaline add gardener's sulfur. Also, make sure your soil has a good mix of clay, silt and sand. Organic matter, such as grass clippings and compost will help lighten soil that is heavy in clay, and build humus in overly sandy soils. Aim for 4 to 8 inches of top soil.
Using compost will help to replenish nutrients and microbes that were previously added through the use of chemicals. Healthy soil requires biological activity such as earthworms and microorganisms, and biological activity requires adequate organic matter to develop properly. Compost tumblers are becoming the way of the future, as they can easily convert your lawn clippings to compost. If possible, include finished compost in your prepared soil before laying seed or sod as a great way for your lawn to get a complete amount of these highly beneficial microbes. If you are converting your existing lawn to organic, add compost to your lawn by dropping compost on the top and then sweeping it off the grass and onto the soil. Immediately water it so the microbes will be activated and absorbed into the soil.
The type of grass you choose should be based upon your climate. The amount of water, nutrients, shade tolerance, and wear and tear you lawn requires varies by each type of grass. To be the most eco-friendly, it is important to plant grass that is most adaptable to your area.