Basic Steps to Make Natural Soap
- Soap molds
- Large heat resistant measuring container
- Sharp knife
- Double boiler
- Candy thermometer
- Glycerin soap base or your preferred melt and pour soap base
- Wooden spoon
- Soap colorant
- Skin care nutrients
- Additives or texture (optional)
- Spray bottle containing rubbing alcohol
- Wax paper
- Soft cloth
1. Measure the amount of soap base you will need to fill your molds. To do this, fill your molds with water and then pour the water into your measuring container.
2. Cut the measured amount of soap base off your solid block of base and then grate it for even melting.
3. Put your grated soap base into the top of your double boiler and attach your candy thermometer.
4. Heat your base slowly, over simmering water, until it has reached 150F. Stir occasionally until it is almost completely melted.
5. Remove the top pan from the heat and stir it just a few more times to completely melt any remaining chunks and it is smooth.
6. Add colorant - Soap colorants are available in solid, liquid and powder form, or make your own using natural herbs and spices. You will need approximately 1/8 tablespoon to 1 tablespoon for each cup of soap base. Start by gently stirring in a small amount and then add more as desired. White soap bases will generally need double the amount of color as clear soap bases.
7. Add nutrients – This is the time to add in your favorite skin care vitamins and nutrients, such as vitamin E, almond oil, oatmeal, milk powder and Shea butter. Oils can be added up to 5 percent of the weight of the soap, and powders can added up to 1 tablespoon per pound of soap.
8. Add scent – There are a variety of options to choose from when considering scent, such as essential oils, extracts and crushed herbs. Always add your scent after your soap base has cooled a bit to get an accurate fragrance. Keep in mind that some scents, like vanilla, may change the color of your soap.
9. Add additives or texture (optional) - The last ingredient to add to your soap would be any natural exfoliants or decorative textures, such as lavender buds or rose petals. These should be stirred in at the last minute right before molding.
10. Line your soap molds with wax paper for easy removal.
11. Slowly pour your soap into the molds. If any bubbles have formed, allow them to rise to the top and then lightly spray with alcohol to make them disappear.
12. Cover the molds with plastic wrap. Your soap will be hard in several hours or you can speed up the setting process by placing them in the refrigerator. Once your soap is hard, remove them from the molds and smooth with a soft cloth.