School psychologists are highly-trained professionals who have built expertise in both psychology and education, and work at helping both children and youth succeed in the school and in life by diagnosing and solving academic, social, behavioral and emotional problems. School psychologists work in school and school systems, hospitals and clinics, community health centers, universities, mental health institutions, the juvenile justice system and in private practice.
School counseling graduates receive similar training in both psychology and education, though shorter. While most school psychology master's programs take up to three years to grant a specialist degree, school counselor masters programs take two years and only require 600 hours of internship training compared to 1200 required for school psychologists. Also, school counselors tend to work with the general population of students while school psychologists focus more on children with special needs. A good resource for those interested in school counseling is the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP).
In order to become a school psychologist, you need to receive at least a master's degree in school psychology. Other levels of training are specialist (a graduate degree with 60 credit hours or more), and doctoral degrees (Psy.D., Ed.D. and Ph.D.). You also need to be licensed by your state in order to practice and you may also receive national certification from the National School Psychology Certification Board (NSPCB). A good resource for all those interested in a career in school psychology is the National Association of School Psychology (NASP).