Machu Picchu Facts
The Pre-Columbian site of Machu Picchu is situated 2400 meters above the sea level, on a mountain ridge over the Urubamba Valley in Peru and is surrounded by a wall of height six meters and width 1.8 meters. Machu Picchu is basically divided into four segments or regions. To the north of the site lies a religious area which consists of a Holy square, a three-windowed temple, a uniquely designed holy temple, and priest’s mansion. The region also consists of generous residential facilities for the people of the city. Research on a special solar observatory found at the site, revealed that the facility allowed the people to decide on the time and seasons, owing to the shadows formed.
The buzzing activities of the estimated 1200 people of the city are expected to have taken place in the south-west part of the city, which houses the dwellings and a tower. The lower section of the lost city includes residences which are segregated from each other because of the narrow alleys and various terraces or platforms that were made for farming. These platforms were coupled together using a complex system of artificial canals used for irrigation. The residential region contained 172 premises of varied shapes and sizes, which were also linked by 109 stairways built with amazing finish. A large monumental burial chamber was formed of a stone building with an arched interior and carved wall and was used for rites and sacrifices. The city also has a citadel, which was particularly the place where the criminals were given ruthless punishments.
The interiors of the rooms, where the sages lived were built to have reddish walls and the rooms of princesses were constructed in a special trapeze shape. The Inca Trail was the lane that connected Cusco with Machu Picchu. The Inca Trail comprised of several localities, including Huayna Picchu, a place where one could experience spirituality. En-route Huayna Picchu one would still notice various naturally stone carved caves, caverns, terraces, steep stairways, the tombstones and the mausoleum in the path.