Main Parts Of a Castle
Although some styles changed throughout time, there were main parts of the castle that remained the same. One of them was Motte, which is a mound with a flat top and represents a defensive feature made of mud. Another was bailey, which was a protected zone; each castle had at least one. The keep above the Motte was reserved as the settlement for the landlord, while the bailey housed rest of the landlord’s family. There were multiple baileys created in time for different reasons.
Enceinte was the cardinal guarded zone and was the most unique feature in the entire castle. A huge tower or the chief defensive summit was known as the keep. Trenches along with banks were also made as an easy way to defend, however this construction without a motte was known as ringwork. A darkened jail was identified as dungeon. Curtain walls, which were high enough to reach and equally thick to withstand attacks were built around the bailey. The passage on the walls which permitted the warriors to attack the opponents was known as Moat, which prevented the walls from being sabotaged and was either dry or filled with water. Gateways, either of stone or wood, were used to control the traffic influx. Other features such as battlements, arrowslits, hoardings, etc. ensured extra protection of the castle.
As time passed, castles underwent scientific renovation and became adapted to modern armaments. Construction of castles also spread to other countries, providing them an advantage over their enemies. The introduction of modernization also added to the strength of the castles. With the advent of new technology, the cost to build these defensive structures also went up. All said and done, castles not only became immortal, but also heavily expensive. Architectural splendid, castles have found a place in each and every folklore, making them an important part of history.