Parts of a Forklift
The main components of a forklift are:
It is the stand of the device. Axles, wheels, mast, counterweight, guard, and the source of power are attached to the frame. The frame can include the fuel tank and the hydraulic fluid tank.
It is a big iron mass that is attached at the rear of the truck frame. The counterweight is included for the counterbalancing of the load that is lifted. The lead acid battery may perform as a counterweight in a electric forklift.
The cab includes an operator chair, steering wheel, control pedals, switches, levers, and the dashboard. The cab can be either enclosed or open, but is normally covered by a top guard assembly.
It is a metallic roof that is supported at the corners by the cab posts, for the protection of the operator. Usually, the overhead guard is included in the frame assembly.
Source Of Power
The power source may be an engine that is powered by diesel fuel, gasoline, CNG gas, or LP gas. Fuel cells or a battery supplies power to the electric forklifts. The electric motors may be AC or DC types.
These are hydraulic cylinders mounted on the frame of the truck that are used for the pivoting of the mast. This action assists in the engagement of the load.
It is the straight mechanism used to raise or lower a load. It consists of interconnected rails that provide the lateral stability. These rails can have rollers, or the bushings as guides. The mast is operated by hydraulic cylinders, or by chains obtaining power from a hydraulic motor. It may be fixed on the front axle, or with the forklift frame.
Carriage is the component on which the forks and the attachments are mounted. It moves in the vertical direction by the chains. Alternatively, it can be attached with the hydraulic cylinder.
There are several attachments used for a variety of purposes, including forks, rotators, clamps, and poles. The rotator aids in skid handling when tilted excessively.