The most spectacular trait of Burj Al Arab is that it resembles a modern yacht’s sail. With two hundred and two rooms in total, the marvelous building is located about 280 meters off the Dubai Coast on a man-made island having excellent landscaping.
For constructing the artificial island, 230 concrete piles, each of 40 meters length, were drilled into the sea bed. The piles acted as the first step for creating the island. The surface of the island was then made using large rocks that were put together in a specific concrete construction pattern.
To make the platform or the island on which the building would be constructed, temporary tube files and sheet files were drilled into the sea bed to support a number of boundary rocks, which were deposited later on both the sides of sheet piles. Once this was done, sea water was displaced to fill the inside space with concrete slabs and units. Around the structure, huge concrete structures were placed to protect the island and the base of the coffer dam like structure was filled with a concrete plug slab. Lastly, concrete walls were made and the main basement floor of the building was done. The construction of the island took the longest, almost three years out of the total five years taken for the construction process.
The distinguished 3D shape of the building has been constructed with a special geometry design to support the sail like design and also to protect the building from varying wind load. The outermost wall of the structure has been made from PTFE coated fiberglass with air gaps at regular intervals. Due to the specific design the double curve membrane is able to withstand the varying wind pressure easily. Moreover, additional cables are also provided on the structure to prevent any kind of material deflection. For the full height of the building, an expansion joint is provided on the right to prevent harmful effects from wind loads and excessive horizontal stresses. The material of the sail like structure is not only robust but also protects the interiors from the high intensity sun’s rays using its special light diffusing quality. Moreover, the building also has self cleaning features that help in resisting the aggressive environment.