Lessons for the Future - Importance of Soil Cover
In 1935, the Federal Government passed an act that focussed on the importance of guarding soil cover, preventing soil erosion, and soil preservation. Dust Storm Science became a hot topic among the scientists and scholars because what Americans witnessed during those years was nothing less than a nightmare. Several soil conservation methods were developed and farmers across the country were asked to stick to fair agricultural practices.
If what resulted in the dust storms was short sightedness and greed, what happened post-1939 was long term planning and respect to nature. Various methods and awareness programs were devised by the government to raise awareness among the farmers. Even today, when agricultural practices have become modern and technologically sound, it is extremely important to preserve the soil because soil preservation only will help in giving good yield.
Today when the world is facing a resource crisis on all the fronts and global warming is threatening us, organic farming has helped us to a great extent to avoid dust storms and maintain a balance in the nature.
Optimized irrigation techniques, planting ground cover, creating windbreaks and growing cover crops have become important since then. Gardening also became a popular practice because it helps in holding the soil and helps in avoiding soil erosion. Planting trees, preserving greenery and minimizing use of plastics has become the need of the hour because if we want our coming generations not to experience another Dust Bowl episode, it becomes our duty to do our best to preserve nature.