Talk to the preschoolers about different living creatures and where they live. Explain what an habitat is - an animal home, which provides them with the necessary food, water, air and climate to live well in. Give examples of natural animal habitats like Lakes, Ponds, Ocean, Desert, Mountains, Rain Forest, Prairie, the Arctic and so on.
Explain why certain animals can only live in certain habitats. Polar bears, for instance, can live very well in the Arctic, but would not flourish in Africa. Similarly, African elephants would not survive in the Arctic. Talk about animals having certain characteristics that help them live well in their particular habitats. The whale, for instance, has a skin that protects it from cold ocean waters. The zebra has stripes that helps it meld into its environment and confuse predators.
Show the children photographs of different animal homes like nests, caves, rock crevices, underground burrows, hollow logs, tree trucks and so on. Talk about the different materials that living creatures use to construct their homes, like stones, straw, hay, twigs, sticks, mud, sand, water and so on. Explain that how different living creatures use different means to build their homes - using beaks, mouths, claws, feet and paws. The Weaver Bird for instance, uses its beak to weave a beautiful home with a narrow entrance. Some living creatures, like the snail, carry their homes wherever they go. Some living creatures, like the Magpie, try to beautify their homes by adding bright and shiny objects to it. Living creatures need homes for protection from other creatures, protection from cold, heat, snow or rain, a place to sleep in, a place to give birth in, a place to rear the young ones in, a place to store food in, etc.
Next, compare the reasons animals need homes to our reasons for needing a home. What animals live in your local area, and what kind of homes would you find them in? How would animals would suffer if they became homeless?
What can we do to prevent homelessness in animals? Some answers would be protecting natural habitats, creating wildlife parks, sanctuaries and gardens, using green products to help save the environment, and informing our friends about how to live in an environmental-friendly manner.