The Microsoft Windows 7 Certification
Microsoft provides two certification tracks that can be used to show expertise in the Windows 7 operating system. One is the MCTS, or Microsoft Certified Technical Specialist; the other is the MCITP, Microsoft Certified IT Professional.
The Windows 7 configuration exam number 70-680 will validate the user's ability to understand the different functions and features of Windows 7. Also, it will validate the users ability to troubleshoot network connectivity and applications issues. This is a one-exam certification and it can function as an elective to other certifications.
The Microsoft Certified IT Professional (MCITP) certification focuses on a broad range of issues. The person who is interested in this track must deal with the client operating system, desktop applications, mobile devices, networking, and hardware support. The MCTS certification is a requirement for earning the Microsoft Certified IT Professional (MCITP) certification.
There are two tracks for this certification, 1) the Enterprise Desktop Administrator 7 and 2) the Windows 7 Enterprise Desktop Support Technician. Each one of these two tracks involves taking two exams. One of the exams is the 70-680, the MCTS exam. The other exam will validate the MCTIP in the respective track.
For the Enterprise Desktop Administrator 7 track, the second exam is the 70-686:Windows 7, Enterprise Desktop Administrator.
For the Enterprise Desktop Support Technician, the second exam is the 70-685:Windows 7, Enterprise Desktop Support Technician.
Source: Microsoft Training