Applying Video Effects
You are going to start out in Final Cut Pro by working with clips that are already in your Timeline. You do not want to be altering base clips or larger master clips as you want to make sure that these maintain the way that they appeared originally. Instead you are going to want to add video effects to clips that are already cut out and in play.
Go to the Browser and select the Effects tab, which will give you a series of options. From the list you are going to select Video Filters, which will be directly under Video Transitions and above Video Generators. Now you will be given a series of different labeled folders, each one indicating a category of video effects that are contained within like Blur or Image Control. When you choose one you will have a series of options for video effects that you want to apply to your clip, and all of them are going to be unique and have their own purpose.
Once you find the specific video effect you want you are going to select it and "drag and drop" it into the Timeline on the specific clip that you wan to add it to or you can select the clip in the Timeline and drag and drop the video effect over in the Viewer. Once the video effect is on the clip and it is opened up into the Viewer you can go to the Filers tab and you can begin to control the specifics of the video effect, such as how intense it will be, the details of the changes it makes, and if you want it to move along with the Motion capabilities.
If you want to apply the same combination of video effects that you have on one clip to other clips then you can right click the clip with the Final Cut Pro video effects in the Timeline and choose Copy. Then right click on the clip you want to add these video effects to and right click it, select Paste Attribues. You will then choose Filters when you are asked what attributes you would want to paste.