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The Easiest Linux Recovery Is from a Backup
Backup is a real life-saver and there is no doubt that the easiest Linux recovery is when you restore your system from a backup. However, if you don't have a current backup, or the backup itself is damaged, still not everything is lost. There are many Linux recovery tools and depending on the type of damage you suffer, there are different approaches to Linux recovery.
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Easy Recovery Linux Tools
The plethora of Linux recovery tools is really impressive and the best is that there are some really good (usually) free or (occasionally) paid Linux recovery tools for you to use. Some of these tools can be used only for a few tasks, while others are complete Linux recovery packages you can use for all sorts of easy recovery of Linux. Here are some of the most useful Linux recovery tools:
Recovery Linux 1.0 - This free tool creates a bootable USB drive you can boot from if your Linux partition is inaccessible. There are minimalistic versions of DOS and Linux on this drive and once you run it, you can access the files on your computer, make the necessary changes and recover your Linux system, if it isn't damaged beyond recovery.
DiskInternals Linux Recovery Tools – DiskInternals offers many free system tools but they are for Windows. However, if you have important data on your Ext2/Ext3 Linux partitions, this tool will help you to recover them from Windows. If you don't have Windows installed, then you are out of luck because DiskInternals Linux Recovery Tools doesn't come with a Linux version.
R-Linux Free Recovery – R-Linux Free Recovery is another tool you can use on Ext2FS/3FS. It can restore files you have accidentally deleted, unformat a drive, and fix mixed partitions and partition tables.
Quick Recovery for Linux - A Data Recovery Software 10.12 – Unlike the previous easy recovery Linux tools, this one is a shareware but it has many features, so it might be worth buying it. It can recover lost files, accidentally deleted partitions, damaged superblocks, etc.
All Linux recovery tools do basically the same things, but in some situations one tool might be better that the others. However, with Linux data recovery (and with data recovery in general), you might not have a second try.
When you try to restore a deleted file, this involves operations with the disk, and they can make the disk totally useless. This is why it is recommendable to create an image of the damaged drive before you attempt data recovery on it. Of course, if the disk is totally inaccessible, or completely physically damaged, then creating an image is impossible but in all other cases of Linux recovery, you should always try to create an image of the damaged drive first and then proceed with the easy Linux recovery itself.