Installation of FreeNAS
Take note of your network IP address range (for Windows you can go to Start -> Control Panel -> Network and then right-click on the connection that has LAN in its name). It should be something like 192.168.1.2 or 10.0.0.2. I will assume you have 192.168.1.2 as your computer’s IP address and 192.168.1.1 as your modem’s address.
Burn the FreeNAS ISO that you have downloaded from its website to a CD. Put the CD in your computer’s drive (the computer that you will use as a NAS device) and boot it. The installation involves a couple of steps that I will go through.
When your computer boots, you will see the menu titled “Console setup". Choose item 9, which is “Install to a hard drive/memory drive/USB pen etc.." Then another menu will open, with the title “Install" and will have the following options:
1) Install on HD, CF or USB key: Create 1 UFS partition
2) Install on HD: Create 2 UFS partitions (OS and DATA)
3) Upgrade existing installed version from CDROM
4) Return to main menu
There is a decision to make here: Will you install all the operating system and data on the same partition or will you use different partitions for the operating system and data? I recommend the latter, because if you want/need to upgrade/reinstall your operating system your files will remain untouched.
I will choose the second option and have FreeNAS wipe away all my hard disks and create UFS partitions. You do not need to do anything here, but know that all files/folders on the hard disk will be deleted. FreeNAS will then install itself.
You have probably noticed that you can also install FreeNAS on a Compact Flash (CF) card or a USB key (thumb drive). If your computer supports booting from these devices, you can install the operating system there and leave the entire hard disk for data storage.
Read on for configuration.