written by: jlwallen•edited by: Lamar Stonecypher•updated: 6/24/2009
To the new user, installing applications within the Linux operating system can be a bit confusing. Where are the tools and how are they used? In this Brighthub series you will learn how to use the various Linux application installation tools as well as how to archive files and directories.
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Knowing what tools are available
One of the first issues to deal with is which tools you will use for the task of installation. The answer to this question will depend on what distribution you are using. Here is a sample breakdown of the tools used, in various distributions, for installation:
SuSE: YaST, rpm
Ubuntu: Synaptic, apt-get
Mandriva: Drakinstall, urpmi
Fedora: Yumex, yum, rpm
Although not a complete listing of applications, you get the idea. The nice thing about how modern Linux distributions are designed is that you don't generally need to know the name of the tool you are using for this purpose. Typically, within the main menu, you will see an entry called Add/Remove Software, or Application Installation (or some variation of either). One universal for all of the above tools (and any Linux installation tool) is you will need either root or sudo permissions to take any action.
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Although it might not seem that archiving and programming should go hand in hand but they do. When you've finished that great Linux application you'll need to package up the source for download purposes. What better way to do that than to use open source archival tools such as tar, bzip, and bunzip2? In this series we'll also touch upon some of the graphical archive tools such as:
Fileroller: The gui archive manager for the GNOME desktop.
Ark: KDE's graphical archive manager.
Both of the above packages are as powerful as the command-line equivalents and will help the new Linux user better package their files and directories.
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Installing an application in the Linux operating system will often require you to unpack source code before you can get to the installation process. Without a solid understanding of Linux archiving you may not ever get the chance to install that great new product. In this series of articles you will learn everything you need to install and archive packages in the Linux operating system.
Simplify Linux application installation and archiving
If you are new to Linux than you might be baffled as to how to handle two important tasks: Application installation and directory archiving. Never fear, Bright Hub is hear. In this series of articles you will learn how to master the tools to help you tackle these tasks.