What Defines Debian?
The man who started it all, Ian Murdock, first announced Debian while he was still a student at Purdue University in 1993. He originally called the system the “Debian Linux Release", and it was designed to be a better distribution than the first Linux distribution system that was out, Softlanding Linux System, or SLS. While the original format lives on still in widespread Slackware versions, Debian is by far the more widely used today. When Murdock announced Debian, he also released the Debian Manifesto, in this, he called for his new system to be maintained in a completely open manner, just like Linux.
Generally regarded as the most user-friendly branch of Linux, Debian is also highly respected by programmers as even standard desktop distros have all the necessary software (mostly available through the free program repository), to perform very advanced server management, source code modification, and original programming. For those who are looking for a Linux distribution system, there are several that are based on this system, such as Ubuntu, DreamLinux, Damn Small Linux, Kanotix, LinEx, and MEPIS (to name just a few).