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Enjoy Blu-Ray Discs on Your Linux Box

written by: •edited by: Michael Dougherty•updated: 4/29/2011

Looking for a way to enjoy high definition movies from DRM-controlled Blu-ray discs on your open source Linux computer? Now there is a way!

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    Can You Enjoy High Definition Video on Linux?

    When Blu-ray first arrived, few computer hardware manufacturers seemed prepared to take a gamble on it until it had won the format wars. While its lifespan looks increasingly limited in the face of greater Internet bandwidth and the portability of flash storage options, Blu-ray remains a popular option for owning and watching films.

    However the enjoyment of Blu-ray discs doesn’t have to be limited to Windows or Mac computers – if you have a Blu-ray player on your Linux operating system then in theory you can view Blu-ray allowing you to enjoy HD video on your Linux box.

    As you might have guessed, however, it isn’t as easy as that…

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    Linux, Blu-ray and Digital Rights Management

    Linux is an open source operating system with a lot of open source applications and utilities included. Some are part of the GUI of whichever distro you are using, while others need to be run from within the Terminal.

    Additionally, the various Linux distros are at the heart of the open source community, one that also features web server software, website and web forum management as well as various corporate file servers and office applications.

    The point is, Linux is there for everyone to use when they want to and in many cases how they want to, with few (if any) restrictions.

    Sony, meanwhile, designed Blu-ray as a high definition optical storage format with very strict Digital Rights Management (DRM), which pretty much controls how you watch a Blu-ray disc and use the additional content within.

    In other words, Blu-ray is the antithesis of the open source movement.

    This is perhaps the reason why few Linux users have a Blu-ray drive in their computers. However it doesn’t have to stop you from enjoying Blu-ray…

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    Watch Blu-ray on Linux Ubuntu

    Using the Ubuntu distro, let’s take a look at how a Blu-ray player can be used to enjoy movies in high definition. This is done using the MakeMKV media player for Linux, which features a Blu-ray DRM decryption key. You will also need VLC installed.

    In Ubuntu, open Applications > Accessories > Terminal and enter the following:

    sudo apt-get install build-essential libc6-dev libssl-dev libgl1-mesa-dev libqt4-dev

    Watch Blu-ray on Linux Ubuntu This will ensure that you have the correct libraries and tools installed.

    Next, download the following files:

    • the MakeMKV binaries and
    • the MakeMKV source code

    Each should be unzipped into its own separate directory, before you return to the Terminal, and find your way into the source code directory (this is the directory you unzipped the source download to) using the cd command. Here run:

    make -f makefile.linux sudo make -f makefile.linux install

    Then cd into the binaries directory and run the command again:

    make -f makefile.linux sudo make -f makefile.linux install

    This will then allow you to run MakeMKV by entering makemkv (you will find it in /usr/bin/makemkv). Go to File > Open Disc and select your Blu-ray drive. The application will scan the disc for titles and list the contents. Go to File > Stream and MakeMKV will begin to stream the contents of the disc – look for the dialogue “Operation sucessfully completed. Streaming server started" which will also display the default address for viewing the stream.

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    Viewing Blu-ray on Linux with VLC

    Watch Blu-ray on Linux Ubuntu with CLV player You should have VLC player installed in Ubuntu already – if not, open System > Administration > Synaptic Package Manager, search for VLC, check the box next to the vlc option in the search results and select Mark for Installation, then Apply.

    After VLC has downloaded, open it from the Applications menu, then go to Media > Open Network Stream. Select HTTP as the protocol and enter:

    http://localhost:51000/stream/title0.ts

    All you need to do next is click Play to begin enjoying your Blu-ray disc!

    Note that if your Blu-ray disc will not playback using this method, then you will be unable to view it on your Linux box.

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    References

    • The Media Viking, http://themediaviking.com/software/bluray-linux/
    • Ubuntu Support Community, https://help.ubuntu.com/community/RestrictedFormats/BluRayAndHDDVD
    • Screenshots by author