This Day in Computer History
Renowned computer scientists J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly left the University of Pennsylvania’s Moore School of Electrical Engineering following a bitter dispute over their patents on the ENIAC, the first digital computer, which the school wanted them to relinquish.
In the first match ever held between two computers, a chess program running on an M-20 at the Moscow Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP) in the USSR entered into a match via correspondence with the Kotok-McCarthy chess program at M.I.T., which ran on a IBM 7090. The historic match would take place over the course of nine months, and the victory would eventually fall to the Soviet computer, three games to one. The Kotok-McCarthy, which took between five and twenty minutes to calculate each move, was estimated to play chess at a level comparable to that of an amateur with roughly one hundred games of experience.
IBM released the IBM 3872 and IBM 3875 modems.
Apple Computer's John Sculley and Microsoft's Bill Gates entered into a licensing agreement. Under the agreement, Microsoft was granted a royalty-free, perpetual, nontransferable license to use derivatives of Macintosh visual design elements in Windows 1.0, which had been released two days earlier. In turn, Microsoft delayed the release of Excel for Windows, committed to a new release of Word for Macs, and acknowledged that Microsoft's graphical interfaces were a derivative of Apple’s Lisa and Macintosh graphic user interfaces.
Intel began shipping production versions of its Pentium processors.
Buena Vista Pictures Distribution released Toy Story featuring the voices of Tom Hanks and Tim Allen. It was the first feature film to be created entirely with computer-generated animation. (MPAA Rating: G.)
Apple announced that its blueberry iBook had been the number one portable computer on the U.S. market in October according to PC Data.
The Lieff Cabraser Heimann & Bernstein LLP lawfirm files a class-action lawsuit against Microsoft on behalf of all customers of Windows 95 and 98 alleging that the company had overcharged consumers for the operating systems.
Taiwanese national Lisa Chen pled no contest in the largest software piracy case in U.S. history and received a nine year prison sentence, which was among the longest sentences ever handed down for software piracy. In November 2001, she had been arrested in a raid during which over seventy-five million dollars worth of software had been seized.
The Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and CERN released version 4.2 of the Scientific Linux operating system under a GNU General Public License.
Version 1.0 of the QiLinux Docet operating system was released.
United States Librarian of Congress publicly announced a series of new Copyright exemptions that, among other things, bestowed the right to circumvent the "access protection" of obsolete software protected by damaged dongles to users, the right to circumvent DRM protection on ebooks for the purpose of rendering the text into machine-readable format to the blind, and, more controversially, the right to crack copy protections of compact discs to consumers. The new exemptions were intended to bring the copyright statutes into sync with real world practices.